US$9.99: Canon T50 / T70 / T90 Camera Service and Repair Guide

Here are THREE (3) Instructions / Guides / Manual you may need on How to Repair / Restore / DIY / CLEAN, LUBRICATE, AND ADJUST Canon T50 / T70 / T70 SLR Camera Bodies

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“Canon T50 / T70 / T70 Camera Service and Repair Guide”

 

Language: English  

File TypePdf

Number of pages: TOTAL 457 pages.

File Size: 105 mb.

 

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US$9.99: Minolta XE / XG SLR Repair Manual Package

Here are Five (5) Instructions / Guides / Manual you may need on How to Repair / Restore / DIY / CLEAN, LUBRICATE, AND ADJUST   A series of Minolta SLRs, including

Minolta XE / XE-1 / XE-7 / XG-A / XG-1(n) / XG 2 / XG 7 / XG E

Pictures uploaded are considered an important part of this description. Please examine carefully.

“Minolta XE / XG SLR Repair Manual Package”

 

Language: English  

File TypePdf

Number of pages: TOTAL 457 pages.

File Size: 125 mb.

 

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The Minolta XE is an electronic 35mm SLR camera introduced in 1974, just one year after the professional Minolta SLR X-1. It is called XE-7 in North America, and XE-1 in Europe. In many ways, this is a refined version of the X-1, but at the same time, the calibre is not quite in the professional league. It has a fixed finder and a slightly reduced shutter speed range. Despite quite similar body castings, the XE feels lighter and easier to handle, but with a solid feel. Gone are all the unusual controls. Instead, a few improvements are incorporated. Of notice is the rear on/off switch, and next to it, the frame counter with an integral film advance indicator, confirming proper film transport. A multiple exposure lever is added, coaxial with the wind on lever. For multiple exposures, it must be operated each time. The traditional hot-shoe is at the top of the finder, while the finder shutter is a continuation of the previous model.

265975792_7c2b28f84a_m.jpg
The XE-1, a close relative
of the Leica R3. image by rst90274

The Minolta Camera Co. entered in 1972 an agreement with Ernst Leitz GmbH, to share patents, know-how and product development, possibly Kazuo Tashima’s crown achievement late in his life. He travelled Europe before founding in 1928 what later became the Minolta Camera Co., and the German camera industry had made a profound impression on him back then. The first camera to emerge from this joint venture was the Leica CL in 1973. Next came this camera, also assisted by the CopalCompany for the development of the vertical running metal blade shutter. The German Leica R3 version was introduced by Leitz in 1976, and produced in Portugal, after a short run at Wetzlar.

The exposure system is based on the well-proven CLC circuit, originally introduced on the SR-T 101, and refined by the X-1. The electronically controlled shutter has manually selectable speeds from 4 sec. to 1/1000 sec., and a backup mechanical 1/90 sec. and B. The shutter-speed dial locks in the A position, easily released by a tiny button reached when gripping the dial. The film speed is set on a dial surrounding the rewind knob. A small button just next to the black finder housing releases the ASA-dial. The value is set against an index dot to the right. To the left on the same dial is an exposure compensation scale of ±2 EV, which may easily be set depressing an almost invisible button on the dial edge.

4467883134_cd9b38fb32_m.jpg
An XE-1 with fas portrait Rokkor,
image by rokkor777

The viewfinder is quite bright and uncluttered with a centre split-image range finder. The layout is similar to the X-1, but the shutter speed scale to the right is brought closer to the image area and is much easier to read. The exposure-meter hand moves across the available speeds, brightly backlit by the SLR view extending beyond the image area. The lens aperture ring setting is visible just above the frame if sufficiently lit. Next to it is the actual shutter speed dial setting visible. Even more than twenty years after its introduction, this camera gives an impression of perfection, possibly only missing more automatic functions.

The camera operates on a 3V silver battery or two 1.5V SR44 batteries. A battery check lever with a red LED is on the left-hand side of the body. On the left-hand front is the lens release button, high at the left-hand side of the mirror housing. A PC sync. contact and an X/PF selector switch are also on the left-hand side. A lens diaphragm stop-down button is on right-hand side at the bottom of the mirror housing. Normal position is pushed in, for stop down it is pushed and let out. There is no mirror up facility. A traditional self-timer with trigger button is to the right of the mirror housing. On the base are the rewind release button, the tripod socket and the battery compartment.

The home market XE, and the XE-1 were available in either chrome or black finish, while the XE-7 came in black only. In 1976 the simplified XE-5 was made available, in Japan called the XEb.

US$9.99: Canon Canonet G-III 17 Repair Manual

Here are the Instructions / Guides / Manual you may need on How to Repair / Restore / DIY / CLEAN, LUBRICATE, AND ADJUST   Olympus Xa Compact Rangefinder

 

Pictures uploaded are considered an important part of this description. Please examine carefully.

 

“Canon Canonet G-III 17 Repair Manual”

 

Language: English

File TypePdf

Number of pages 32 pages.

File Size: 2.32 mb.

 

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The Canonet QL 17 GIII is the final, high-end version of Canon‘s famous Canonet compactrangefinder series of the 60s and 70s. It provides shutter-priority auto-exposure and parallaxcompensation with its 40mm f/1.7 lens. The lens is sharpest at f/4 – f/5.6 [1]. Its Copal leaf shutteroffers shutter speeds from 1/4 to 1/500, with X flash sync at any speed.

The meter uses a CdS cell mounted on the lens, just above the front element. It offers shutter-priority autoexposure, or unmetered manual mode. It uses a match-needle system in the viewfinder, showing apertures. There’s a smallfresnel lens in front of the CdS cell. When selecting a different shutter speed, you can see a ring with a series of perforations moving in front of the metering cell. This way, a smaller aperture gives less light on the cell. A simple, mechanical solution. Since the metering unit is placed within the filter thread, it compensates automatically for filters. Very handy.

It was designed to use the PX625 mercury battery, no longer available in the US. The circuitry in the camera holds up well against slightly higher voltages, so you can use a PX625A alkaline battery as a drop-in replacement, but you will find your exposures tend to be slightly off. Only the autoexposure system requires a battery, however. The mechanical shutter functions perfectly under manual settings with no battery whatsoever. Therefore, if you own a handheld light meter, you can use this camera without a battery

  • Type: Rangefinder camera
  • Manufacturer: Canon Inc. Japan
  • Lens: Canon Lens 40mm f/1.7. 6-element 4-group construction, with four newly designed glasses. Spectra coated in amber and purple. Filter thread 48mm.
  • Shutter: Between-the-lens type. Shutter speeds from 1/4 to 1/500 sec. and B. Automatically sets aperture, self-cocking combined film/shutter wind, self-timer, X-synchronization.
  • Viewfinder: Bright-Line type, Parallax Correction Mark
  • Rangefinder: Viewfinder combined with range-finder, bright frame with automatic parallax correction, aperture scale, exposure indicator, over/under exposure indicator, and over/under warning marks.
  • EE Mechanism: Built in exposure meter with CdS cell for fully automatic exposure control. Shutter speed priority system. ASA 25-800 (DIN 15-30). With ASA 100 film, EV 3.5 (f/1.7 at 1/4 sec.) EV 17 (f/16 at 1/500 sec.)
  • Battery: Originally powered by one 1.35V M20 (#625) mercury battery. Battery checker built-in. (It’s possible to use alternatives. *see above)
  • Flash: Hot shoe Accessory shoe with direct contact exclusive for Canolite D and the flash socket for the other flash units. Electronic Flash Sync with All Shutter Speeds.
  • Weight: 620g

US$9.99: Nikkormat EL / FTN SLR Repair Manual Package

Here are TWO (2) Instructions / Guides / Manual you may need on How to Repair / Restore / DIY / CLEAN, LUBRICATE, AND ADJUST   Nikon Nikkormat EL and FTN SLR Body

Pictures uploaded are considered an important part of this description. Please examine carefully.

“Nikkormat EL / FTN SLR Repair Manual Package”

 

Language: English  

File TypePdf

Number of pages: TOTAL 175 pages.

File Size: 21.1 mb.

 
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Nikkormat (Nikomat in Japan) was the brand used by the Japanese optics company Nippon Kogaku K. K. (Nikon Corporation since 1988) from 1965 to 1978 to name two popular but otherwise unrelated series of interchangeable lens, 35 mm filmsingle-lens reflex (SLR) cameras.

The Nikkormat SLRs were moderately priced, advanced amateur level stablemates to Nippon Kogaku’s premium priced, professional level Nikon F and F2 SLRs. Just as the Nikkor and Nikon brand names had established Nippon Kogaku as a world class maker of lenses and high-end cameras, respectively, with professional photographers before it, Nikkormat made amateurs sit up and take notice

 

The Nikkormat FT was an all-metal, mechanically (springs, gears, levers) controlled, manual focus SLR with match-needle exposure control, manufactured in Japan from 1965 to 1967. It was available in two colors: black with chrome trim and all black. The unmetered version was designated “Nikkormat FS.”

The FT had dimensions of 95 mm height, 146 mm width, 54 mm depth and 745 g weight. This was larger and heavier than most competing amateur level SLRs of the mid-1960s, such as the Asahi (Honeywell in the USA) Pentax Spotmatic of 1964, but the quality of the internal components gave the FT an amazing strength and durability.

The FT used a metal-bladed, vertical travel, focal plane shutter with a speed range of 1 to 1/1000 second plus Bulb and flash X-sync of 1/125th second. The Nikkormat F-series had a shutter speed ring concentric with the lens mount, unlike Nippon Kogaku’s other manual focus SLRs with a top mounted shutter speed dial.

As a mechanical camera, the FT was completely operable without batteries. It only needed a battery for the light metering system. Setting a camera to expose the film properly without a light meter requires memorizing complex exposure tables and built-in, coupled meters sensing through-the-lens (TTL) were a fantastic boon when introduced by the Topcon Super D (in the USA; RE Super in the rest of the world) in 1963.

The FT’s exposure control system was a “center-the-needle” system using a galvanometer needle pointer moving vertically at the lower right side of the viewfinder to indicate the readings of the built-in, open aperture, TTL, full-scene averaging, cadmium sulfide (CdS) light meter versus the actual camera settings. The photographer would adjust the shutter speed to freeze or blur motion and/or the lens aperture f-stop to control depth of field (focus) until the needle was centered between two pincer-like brackets. The needle array was duplicated in a window next the top-mounted film rewind crank to allow exposure control without looking through the viewfinder. The meter was turned on by pulling the film wind lever out to the standby ready position and turned off by pushing it back flush against the camera.

This was very advanced in 1965 and proved to be remarkably long-lived. Nippon Kogaku used it for all versions of the Nikkormat FT with incremental improvements. The Nikon FMFM2 and FM2N of the succeeding Nikon compact F-series SLRs used an improved viewfinder only, center-the-LED system until 2001.

The FT’s viewfinder also had a fixed focusing screen with Nippon Kogaku’s then standard central 4 mm microprism focusing aid plus 12 mm matte focusing surface.

The Nikkormat FT accepted all lenses with the Nikon F bayonet mount (introduced in 1959 on the Nikon F camera) and a “meter coupling shoe” (or prong, informally called “rabbit ears”). The FT had a mirror lockup allowing its use with some specialised lenses for which an auxiliary viewfinder was provided.

The FT was Nippon Kogaku’s first SLR with a built-in TTL light meter. As such, Nippon Kogaku could not find a way to automatically synchronize their Nikkor Auto lenses’ aperture information with the FT body. Therefore, mounting lenses required a special preparatory procedure. First, the lens’ maximum aperture (smallest f-stop number) must set against the film speed scale on the FT’s shutter speed ring. Then, the “meter coupling pin” on the ring surrounding the FT’s lens mount flange must pushed all the way to the right and the lens’ aperture ring must be preset to f/5.6 to line up the “meter coupling shoe” with the pin for mounting. Note that the lens maximum aperture had to be reset every time the lens was changed. This was very inconvenient compared to some other SLRs of the 1960s.

Note that modern AF Nikkor autofocusing lenses (introduced 1986) do not have a meter coupling shoe. Although most AF Nikkor lenses will mount and manually focus on the FT, the combination cannot provide open aperture metering; only stop down metering. Nikon’s most recent 35 mm film SLR lenses, the AF Nikkor G type (2000) lacking an aperture control ring; and the AF Nikkor DX type (2003) with image circles sized for Nikon’s digital SLRs will mount, but will not function properly at all.

The FT also had two PC terminals to synchronize with flash units: an M-sync to all speeds for M and FP type (1/60 second for MF type) flashbulbs and an X-sync to 1/125th second for electronic flashes using guide number manual exposure control. However, the FT did not have a built-in accessory shoe to mount flash units. The “Nikkormat accessory shoe” must be screwed to the top of the pentaprism cover via the eyepiece first. Note that this shoe only mounts the flash. A PC cord must still be plugged into the appropriate PC terminal. This was normal for most SLRs of the 1960s.

 

Nikkormat FTn

Nikomat IMG 5356.JPG

The Nikkormat FTn was manufactured from 1967 to 1975. It simplified the lens mounting procedure of the rabbit ear Nikkor lenses. The meter coupling pin on the camera still had to be aligned with the meter coupling shoe on the lens, but the lens maximum aperture no longer had to be manually preset on the FTn.

Instead, the lens aperture ring had to be turned back and forth to the smallest aperture (largest f-stop number) and then to the largest (smallest number) immediately after mounting to ensure that the lens and the FTn couple properly (Nippon Kogaku called it indexing the maximum aperture of the lens) and meter correctly. This system seems unwieldy to today’s photographers, but it was better than before, and became second nature to Nikon and Nikkormat camera using photographers of the 1960s and 1970s.

In addition, the FTn improved the metering system to the now classic Nikon 60/40 percent centerweighted style. The viewfinder also added +/– over/underexposure metering markers and set shutter speed information.

The FTn also offered a choice (made at purchase time or by replacement at factory service centers) of brighter fixed viewfinder focusing screens: Nippon Kogaku’s standard Type J with central 4 mm microprism focusing aid plus 12 mm etched circle indicating the area of the meter centerweighting or the Type A with central 3 mm split image rangefinder plus 12 mm etched circle.

 

Nikkormat FT2

The Nikkormat FT2, manufactured from 1975 to 1977, added a permanently affixed hot shoe to the top of the pentaprism cover, combined the two PC terminals into one and switched the light meter battery to a non-toxic silver cell, one 1.5 V S76 or SR44. ASA adjustment also featured a lock and an easier slider than previous models. The advance lever was more contoured with an added plastic grip. The FT2’s viewfinder also switched to Nippon Kogaku’s new standard Type K focusing screen with 3 mm split image rangefinder and 1 mm microprism collar focusing aids plus 12 mm etched circle indicating the area of the meter centerweighting. A final small touch was the addition of “+” and “-” symbols on the display of the top meter read-out. The numerous little improvements on the FT2 directly reflected customer suggestions for the FTn.

Nikkormat FT3

The Nikkormat FT3, manufactured for only several months in 1977 (but still available new from dealer stock in 1978), had the shortest production run of any Nippon Kogaku SLR. The FT3 was essentially identical to the FT2 except that it supported Nikkor lenses with the Automatic Indexing (AI) feature (introduced 1977). AI Nikkor lenses had an external “meter coupling ridge” cam on the lens aperture ring that pushed on an external “meter coupling lever” on a ring surrounding the FT3’s lens mount flange to transfer lens set aperture information.

Note that most AF Nikkor autofocusing lenses are also AI types. They will mount and meter properly under manual focus on the FT3. However, Nikon’s most recent SLR lenses, the AF Nikkor G and AF Nikkor DX types, are not AI types. They will mount, but will not function properly.

The FT3 was little more than a stopgap placeholder, awaiting the release of the first of the completely redesigned Nikon compact F-series SLRs, the all new Nikon FM, with a more compact chassis, in late 1977.

The metering system was considered one of the best on the market at the time. The Nikkormat FT3 remained a very popular camera with professionals and amateurs alike, see an enthusiastic review on Nikonians:http://www.nikonians.org/html/resources/nikon_articles/merlin/nikkormat_ft3_1.html

 

Nikkormat EL

The Nikkormat EL was an all-metal, electromechanically (some solid-state electronics, but mostly springs, gears and levers) controlled, manual focus SLR with manual exposure control or aperture priority autoexposure, manufactured in Japan from 1972 to 1976. It was available in two colors: black with chrome trim and all black.

The EL had dimensions of 93.5 mm height, 145 mm width, 54.5 mm depth and 780 g weight. This was very large and heavy compared to many other SLRs of the mid-1970s.

As Nippon Kogaku’s first electronic autoexposure camera, the EL required a battery (one 6 V PX-28 or 4SR44 in the bottom of the mirror box) to power its electronically controlled metal-bladed, vertical travel, focal plane shutter to a speed range of 4 to 1/1000 second plus Bulb and flash X-sync of 1/125th second.

Nikkormat EL Match-needle Display

The battery also powered the EL’s “match-needle” exposure control system. This consisted of two needles pointing along a vertical shutter speed scale on the left side of the viewfinder. In manual mode, a black needle pointed out the shutter speed recommended by the built-in 60/40 percent centerweighted, cadmium sulfide (CdS) light meter, while a translucent green needle showed the actual camera set shutter speed. The photographer would adjust the shutter speed and/or the lens aperture f-stop until the needles aligned.

In automatic mode, the EL’s black needle indicated the shutter speed automatically set by the electronic circuitry in response to the light reaching the meter. The green needle just indicated that the EL was in “A” mode.

Manually setting a camera to expose the film properly takes two steps, even after taking a light meter reading. Autoexposure systems that reduced it to one step were a fantastic boon when successfully introduced by the Konica AutoReflex (Autorex in Japan) in 1965. This system was very advanced in 1972 and also proved to be remarkably long-lived. Nippon Kogaku/Nikon used it, with incremental improvements, not only in the Nikkormat EL-series but also in the Nikon FEFE2 and FM3A of the succeeding Nikon compact F-series SLRs until 2006.

As with other first generation electronic autoexposure SLRs, the EL had a reputation for rapidly draining batteries; later Nikons had much more energy efficient electronics. Note that the EL will still function without batteries in a very limited fashion: completely manual mechanical control with one shutter speed (an unmarked 1/90 second) and without the light meter.

Like the contemporary Nikkormat FTN (see above), the EL mounted all rabbit ear Nikkor lenses with a double twist of the lens aperture ring and its viewfinder had a choice of Type J or Type A fixed focusing screens.

Nikkormat ELW

The Nikkormat ELW, manufactured from 1976 to 1977, was an EL modified to accept the Nikon AW-1 autowinder, providing motorized film advance up to 2 frames per second. The ELW also expanded the shutter speed range to 8 full seconds and its viewfinder switched to the new standard Type K focusing screen (see the Nikkormat FT2 above).

Nikon EL2

The Nikon EL2 was manufactured from 1977 to 1978. The EL2 was essentially identical to the ELW except that it used instant response silicon photodiode light meter sensors and supported Nikkor lenses with the new Automatic Indexing (AI) feature (see the Nikkormat FT3 above).

In a much more important change, the EL2 abandoned the Nikkormat name, which placed the cameras at a disadvantage compared to the much better known ‘Nikon’ nameplate. The camera was replaced after a year of production by the Nikon FE

 

In 1959, Nippon Kogaku released its first 35 mm SLR, the professional level Nikon F. The F combined every SLR technological advance available in 1959 (automatic diaphragm lenses, instant return mirror and eyelevel pentaprism viewfinder) into one superbly integrated package with bulletproof mechanical durability and reliability, plus topnotch optical quality. It also offered the most complete system of accessories in the world, including interchangeable viewfinder heads, viewfinder screens, motor drives, flashbulb units, bulk film backs and eventually over fifty world class Nikkor lenses. The F quickly became the preferred 35 mm camera among professional photographers (especially photojournalists) and amateurs of the 1960s.

However, the professional SLR market was (and is) a small market with very expensive offerings. The Nikon F with Nikkor 50 mm f/2 lens had a list price of US$359.50 in 1959 when a good new car could be had for US$2500. Many amateur photographers desired to buy the F, but simply could not afford it.

Nippon Kogaku’s first attempt to produce a moderately priced, amateur oriented SLR, the Nikkorex series of 1960 to 1965, was a failure. Actually manufactured by Mamiya Camera Co. with one model shared with Riken Optical Co. (today, Ricoh), the Nikkorexes were clunky beasts, larger than the Nikon F despite having far fewer features. Undistinguished fit, finish and feel, and mediocre reliability (due primarily to an outsourced shutter design) did not help. Few people were impressed. Nippon Kogaku went back to the drawing board.

Nippon Kogaku’s second attempt was designed and manufactured completely in-house. Compared to the Nikon F, the Nikkormat FT had a fixed pentaprism viewfinder and did not accept a motor drive. However, with very sturdy construction plus access to the Nikkor lens line, Nippon Kogaku finally achieved its desired success with amateurs.

The Nikkormat FTn was a particular bestseller and had an enviable reputation for toughness and reliability. It is now regarded as one of the finest SLRs of its generation, rivaled only by the Canon FTb of 1971.

The 1970s presented Nippon Kogaku with a different challenge. With the 35 mm SLR optical and mechanical format perfected, the industry turned to advancements in electronic convenience features. It had already begun during the 1960s with built-in light meters, but accelerated dramatically in the 1970s.

First came the electronically controlled focal plane shutter. A major expense of the Nikkormat F-series was its high quality mechanical shutter. Just as a cheap mechanical watch keeps mediocre time, so does a cheap mechanical shutter. Unreliable or fragile shutters were a major source of exposure errors or mechanical failures in low end mechanical shutter SLRs.

Then came electronic autoexposure. Built-in light meters and electronic shutters combined with microelectronics to make exposure control simpler and faster. It was hoped that this would expand the amateur SLR market by enticing photographers normally intimidated by the need to learn all the gritty details of operating a manual SLR to step up from compact automatic leaf-shutter rangefinder (RF) cameras.

Like other first generation autoexposure SLRs, the Nikkormat EL was a conservative evolutionary design, and as such, has proven very reliable.

 

Other Resources:

US$9.99: Zenza Bronica ETRSi Repair Manual

Here is ONE Instructions / Guides / Manual you may need on How to Repair / Restore / DIY / Clean, Lubricate, and Adjust  Zenza Bronica ETRSi.

Pictures uploaded are considered an important part of this description. Please examine carefully.

 

“Zenza Bronica ETRSi Repair Manual”

Language: English

File TypePdf

Number of pages60 pages.

File Size: 7.46 mb.

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The file(s) will be sent to your paypal registered email address within 3 working days (Usually I will do this within a few hours). Due to the high quality scan, some of the file sizes are very big, i.e., >10MB. We will email you a link of the file so that you can download anytime.

Any questions, please ask.

We accept paypal only.

 

Bronica or Zenza Bronica (ゼンザブロニカ?) was a Japanese brand of medium format roll-film cameras, including rangefinder and single-lens reflex models.

Bronica cameras first appeared in 1958, when the company’s founder, Zenzaburo Yoshino, introduced a camera of his own design, the Bronica Z rollfilm camera, at the Philadelphia Camera Show. The name “Zenza Bronica” is reputedly derived from Zenzaburo Brownie Camera.[1][2] The Bronica Z and successor Bronicas, using large-coverage, high-quality Nikkor lenses, became instant successes.

Bronica later introduced lenses of its own manufacture with its later camera designs. Zenza Bronica Ltd. was eventually acquired by the lens manufacturer Tamron. Zenzaburo Yoshino died in 1988.

Tamron discontinued the brand’s single-lens reflex models (SQ, ETR and GS) in October 2004. Bronica’s last model, the RF645 rangefinder camera, was discontinued in October 2005.[3]

Bronicas were workhorse cameras for wedding and portrait photographers for many years. Secondhand Bronica cameras are still widely used by professional and serious amateur photographers, in no small part due to superior image quality of 6×4.5, 6×6 and 6x7cm roll film over smaller film and digital sensor formats.

Bronica SLR cameras employed a modular design: The major components of the camera—lens, body, film back and viewfinder—were separate and interchangeable.

The Zenza Bronica ETR is a series of 4.5×6 SLRsmanufactured by The Zenza Bronica Industries Inc., Tokyo, Japan.

  • Lens release: turn the lens clockwise when pressing the knob on the left lower front of the camera; the knob has a safety lock; the lens can be changed only when the shutter is cocked on the camera and on the lens
  • Focusing: via matte ground glass screen with central bright area and fulll-area Fresnel lens, ring and scale on the lens, screen interchangeable by a lever under the finder
  • Shutter: Seiko electronically controlled leaf shutter on the lens, speeds: 8-1/500; Mechanical control: speed 1/500, wo/battery
  • Time exposure: Self-timer, via a lever on the lens
  • Shutter release: knob on the lower right front of the camera, w/ a safety lock
  • Cable release socket: on the lower left of the camera
  • Cocking lever: folding crank, also winds the film, double exposure prevention;it is not work without the film in the camera
  • Mirror: not instant return, cocking the camera is necessary for the mirror return
  • Viewfinder: Waist level finder, interchangeable, w/ a magnifier lens, also interchangeable
  • Flash PC socket: on the upper left front of the camera, w/a cap, synch. for X all speeds
  • Dark slide:in a slot on the right side of the camera; when it is on the camera shutter can not be cocked, and the film magazine can be detached; when it is out of the camera shutter works. The dark slide is necessary to prevent the film from light when magazine changing
  • Film magazine:interchangeable, the shutter must be cocked before changing the magazine
  • Film loading: open the magazine cover and remove the film holder part with special holder shafts, load the film and put it back then slightly turn the manual winding folding lever on the right side of the magazine until film starting point mark of the film is alligned the triangular start mark on the film holder, close the magazine cover then turn the cocking crank until the number one is visible in frame counter window.
  • Others: Speed-grip shutter release connection, Motor drive contacts, flash synch contact sockets on the special part of the bottom plate; Tripod socket: 1/4 inch; Strap knobs
  • Body: metallic, Weight: 943g
  • Battery: 6v silver oxide or Alkaline 4LR44, etc.; Battery test: small green led on top left of the camera and a button beneath it