Here are SEVEN Instructions / Guides / Manual you may need on How to Repair / Restore / DIY / CLEAN, LUBRICATE, AND ADJUST the Pentax 195, Pentax K1000, Pentax MX, Pentax Spotmatic, Pentax Me, Pentax Me Super, and Pentax MZ5 SLR Cameras
Pictures uploaded are considered an important part of this description. Please examine carefully.
“Pentax 195 / K1000/ MX/Spotmatic/ Me / MZ5 SLR Repair/Service Manual Package”
File Type: Pdf
Number of pages: 290 pages in TOTAL.
File Size: 32 mb.
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|Pentax K1000 with SMC Pentax-A, 35–80mm f/4–5.6 (1990–97 version, assembled in China)image by Süleyman Demir (Image rights)|
An affordable camera for the amateur photographer, it was a fully mechanical, manual camera designed without any program modes. It survived much longer than originally intended and became the archetypal “student’s camera”. The K1000 was equipped with all features required for manual photography: a TTL metering system, wide-ranging shutter speeds from 1/1000 to 1 s, and the ability to use all the available K-mount lenses made by Pentax and licensees such as Ricoh and Cosina.
Despite its great popularity and longevity of the same basic design, Pentax finally ceased production of the K1000 after more than 20 years in 1997.
The K series evolved from the classic Spotmatic SP 1000, in fact the K1000 itself is essentially a Spotmatic with a bayonet rather than M42×1 screw mount.
- Original made in Japan, produced between 1976–78, metal body
- assembled in Hong Kong between 1978–90, slightly modified, metal body
- assembled in in China, between 1990–97, lid and bottom plate made of plastic
|Asahi Pentax K1000 (original version) image by Alfred Sigaro (Image rights)|
The Spotmatic SP
The Spotmatic was introduced by Asahi in 1964 and was the first camera to sell well with Through-the-Lens light metering. The camera was entirely mechanical apart from the light meter, which was powered by a 1.35 volt PX400 mercury cell. A small switch on the (photographer’s) left side of the lens housing was pushed up to stop down the lens and activate the meter; the exposure controls would then be adjusted to centre a needle on the right edge of the viewfinder. The body took lenses with a 42mm Pentax/Praktica screw thread, giving a huge range of alternatives. The system became the workhorse of many professionals of the period.
|Picture by Clicks_1000. (Image rights)|
- ↑ Mercury batteries are now banned; “Zinc-Air” cells can now be used instead, or it is possible to carry out a minor modification to the meter circuit to allow the use of 1.55 volt 387S silver-oxide cells.
- Type: SLR body
- Manufacturer: Asahi Optical Co.
- Year of launch: 1964
- Films: 35mm, speeds up to 1600 ASA
- Viewfinder: pentaprism eye-level viewfinder
- Lens Mount: Pentax/Praktica screwmount (M42)
- Shutter: Focal plane shutter, speeds 1 – 1/1000 second, flash sync 1/60 second
- Metering: CdS TTL metering (stopped-down manual match-needle metering system) EV 1.7 ~ 18 (ISO 100)ASA range 20-1600 (on original Spotmatic)
Similar to the SP but without light metering
The SP500 and SP1000
Similar to the SP, but without self timer and max speeds of 1/500 (SP500) and 1/1000 (SP1000) The SP500 actually has a 1/1000 shutter speed one click past 1/500, although not marked on the shutter speed dial. It may not be an accurate 1/1000 speed, however; since the accuracy of that speed relies on careful selection of a speed cam, which was not done on SP500 bodies.
The Spotmatic SP II Edit
|Honeywell Pentax Spotmatic SP IIa|
An updated version of the original Spotmatic SP, launched in 1971. As well as a number of minor improvements to the meter components and film transport, the SP II was fitted with a HotShoe with a switch under the rewind crank for FP and X-flash synchronization and the ASA range was increased to 3200.
The Spotmatic SP IIa
Virtually identical to the SP II, but with an “electric eye” introduced to support the Honeywell line of dedicated flashes. It was only available in the North American market.
The Spotmatic SP F
The Spotmatic SP F, launched in 1973, included several improvements. It was the first version to offer open-aperture metering, but this needed the updated Super-Multi-Coated (S-M-C) Takumar lenses with an aperture-position linkage to the camera. The FP option for the hot shoe synchronisation was dropped and the meter circuit design was revised to take account of the lens aperture setting and to indicate correct exposure when zero current is flowing through the meter, which now allowed for a variation in voltage from the battery. The battery now needed extra capacity and was changed to the now-defunct PX625 mercury cell. The light meter is constantly switched on but there is an automatic cut-off when the light is at EV2 or less, so it is important to keep the lens cap on when the camera is not in use, in order to conserve the battery.
The ES Edit
Automatic exposure (aperture priority) and manual mode camera with automatic speeds from 1-1/1000 and manual speeds from 1/60 – 1/1000 seconds. The light meter operates only when the shutter button is pressed and only in auto mode and the meter needle now indicates the auto shutter speed. Open-aperture metering with the S-M-C and SMC Takumar lenses, as for the SP F, is maintained. This camera is powered by one 4SR44 6.2v silver oxide battery and there is a battery check button.
The ES II
Similar to the ES, but with a self timer, shutter release lock, interior viewfinder blinds and shutter speeds from 8 seconds to 1/1000th second in auto mode. The power supply is now four modern 1.5v alkaline or silver oxide cells
The Pentax ME was an aperture priority automatic camera, with an electronic focal plane shutter from 8 s to 1/1000 s, synchronized at 1/100 s. The shutter curtains were metal and had a vertical movement. There was no shutter dial, and the camera could not be used in manual mode, except for B and 1/100 exposures. The exposure meter was of the standard TTL open aperture center weighted type. It was activated by a slight pressure on the release button.
The Pentax ME had a 0.97× viewfinder, covering 92% of the field. The finder screen was fixed, with a split image and a microprism ring in the center. The shutter speed chosen by the camera was displayed in the finder, the aperture was not.
There was a hot shoe on the top of the prism and a self-timer. The selector around the release button had four positions: L (lock), Auto, 100X (1/100, X sync) and B. The Pentax ME could attach an external winder ME I (1.5 i/s) or the later ME II (2i/s). The Pentax ME could also mount a Dial Data ME databack, or the later Digital Data M databack via a cord adapter.
The lenses were interchangeable with the K bayonet mount. Together with the ME and MX was introduced the SMC Pentax-M series of compact lenses.
The Pentax ME existed in chrome or black finish, and a limited edition called ME SE had a brown leather covering with the chrome finish.