US$9.99: Contax RX Camera Service and Repair Guide

Here are the Instructions / Guides / Manual you may need on How to Repair / Restore / DIY / CLEAN, LUBRICATE, AND ADJUST Contax RX Camera

Pictures uploaded are considered an important part of this description. Please examine carefully.


“Contax RX Camera Service and Repair Guide”

Language: English  

File TypePdf

Number of pages: 88 pages.

File Size: 29.7 mb.


The file(s) will be emailed to you within 3 working days (Usually I will do this within a few hours). Due to the high quality scan, some of the file sizes are very big, i.e., >10MB. We will email you a link of the file so that you can download anytime.

Any questions, please ask.

We accept paypal only.




Strengths:    Built quality, handling, metering , totally customisable and of course Zeiss lenses, but we all know this 🙂

Weaknesses:    None disturbing to me.

Bottom Line:   

I took an opportunity on that one, aiming for an Aria in first place.But i don’t regret this buy at all. Constuction and handling is amazing, viewfinder is clear and bright ( grid screen ) which might be disturbing in first place , but is very useful for achitecture and landscape shots.

The keys are incredibly well placed on this camera, as in most late Contax bodies with this speed dial on the left, and the rest of the right, well done. Not too much gadgetery, and the custom functions are quite useful. I’m not using the DFI , but it might be helpful in macro i guess. Not overload indications in the vf, i use av info. Shutter is quiet, i love the sound of it.

I really appreciate this camera more and more. Use it with a 50 mm Planar 1.7, a perfect combo for me sor far. I plan to add a 85 mm and surely buying an Aria, lighter and smaller.

Highly recommended, the price being now affordable.

Strengths:    Built like a tank: heavy but substantial
well designed
Leitz optics: no better made
Nice viewfinder
Focus confirmation
Durable and reliable

Weaknesses:    No autofocus
No longer supported

Bottom Line:   

My last stop in film cameras. Have used different 35mm cameras since the 70’s: Nikon, Canon, Konica, Minolta, Rolleiflex and Leica M. 2 Years ago I got a Contax G and was blown away by the quality of the camera and the Zeiss lenses…so much so I sold my Leica M outit as quality was comparible. I then got a 137MD cheap and again was blown away. I have put away my Maxxum outfit for good. I then got an RX used and some AE lenses (18/4, 28/2.8, 50/1.4, 85/2.8, 135/2.8 and 300/4). This outfit is so good, so well made, I don’t mind going back to manual focus (my older eyes appreciate the focus confirmation in the RX). This is it; my wonderlust is over, no camera has ever impressed me as this one has.

In 1993, Yashica introduced a camera that preserved the integrity of the Carl Zeiss manual focus lenses and still provided digital focus assist within the camera body. This camera was called the Contax RX. The RX is an integrated motor drive camera, similar in features to both the Contax 167MT and the Contax ST. The RX provides focus assistance by graphically displaying focus information in the viewfinder. The user still retains responsibility to move the lens but the Digital Focus Assist system indicates, not only the point of focus but the depth of focus, as well. The RX also introduces Custom Function features for the first time. These Custom Functions allows the users to customize the way they want to use the camera.


TYPE: 35mm Focal Plane Shutter AE SLR Camera
FILM SIZE: 24 x 36mm
SHUTTER: Electronically controlled, metal Vertical travel Focal Plane Shutter
SHUTTER SPEED: AV (Aperture Preferred); P (Program) 16 sec. 1/4000 sec., TV setting (Shutter Speed Preferred)4 sec. to 1/4000 sec Manual: B,X(1/125 sec ), 4 sec. to 1/4000 sec.
FLASH SYNCHRONIZATON: X setting at 1/125 sec or slower; Direct X setting, synch terminal provided.
SELF TIMER: Electronic type with 10 sec delay
SHUTTER RELEASE: Electromagnetic release with exclusive release socket.
1)Aperture preferred AE (Av)
2) Shutter Speed Preferred AE (Tv)
3) Program AE (P)
4) Manual Exposure (M)
5) TTL Auto Flash
6) Manual Flash
METERING SYSTEM: TTL Center weighted Average Metering & Spot Metering
METERING RANGE:(ISO 100; f/1.4) Center weighted Average Metering EVI-EV20, spot metering EV5-EV20
FILM SPEED SETTING: Automatic with DX coded film of ISO 25-5000 Manual setting ISO 6-6400AE LOCK By Exposure Value on the image plane in memory.
EXPOSURE COMPENSATION: + 2EV to 2EV (in 1/3 EV steps)A B C SYSTEM A B C. Lever 3 frames continuous exposures or single frame advance Exposure range: 0.5EV to +/-1.0EV
COUPLED FLASH SYSTEM: TTL Direct Flash Control w/TLA flash
FLASH COUPLING: Automatic shifting of shutter speed at full charge of the exclusive TLA flash.
AUTO-SET FLASH SYSTEM: Automatic switch on system works with TLA 360
SECOND CURTAIN SYNCHRO: Possible with an exclusive TLA flash which is capable of second curtain synchronization.
FOCUS INDICATOR: TTL Phase Difference Detection on method, Display with Digital Focus Indicator in the finder Focus sensing range (ISO 100) EV 2 -20
VIEW FINDER: Fixed Eye-Level Penta-prism (long eye point) with 95% of field of view 0.8X magnification with 50mm standard lens at infinity & 1D diopter.
DIOPTRIC ADJUSTMENT: Internally adjustable from +1D to -3D
FOCUSING SCREEN Horizontally split image/Micro-prism (FW-1) as standard. Focusing screens are interchangeable.
FINDER DISPLAY: Digital Focus Indicator, Shutter Speed, Aperture, Exposure Mark, A B C display, Exposure compensation, Metering display Flash mark, Film counter
EXTERNAL LCD PANE: Display of Film counter, Film speed, Self-timer count, LT exposure (Bulb)count, Customs function display, Battery warning mark, A B C display, Multi exposure display
FILM LOADING: Auto loading, Automatic film advance to frame No 1 when the shutter release button is pressed
FILM ADVANCE: Automatic film advance with built in motor
FILM REWIND: Automatic film rewind with built-in motor (Film rewind stops when the film is rewound ) Mid-roll rewinding possible
DRIVE MODE: Single Frame continuous exposure, self timer and multi-exposure modes
FILM ADVANCE SPEED: Max 3 frames per second in continuous mode (with fresh battery at normal temperatures )
FILM COUNTER: Automatic resetting, Additive type; display shows LT exposure (Bulb) count, self timer count, A.B.C. display
ACCESSORY SHOE: Direct x-contact (Coupled With TLA flash)
Display of selected mode in the finder (Focus priority mode/Exposure priority mode/No display)
Mode selection at green position
Method selection of AE lock (by half-way pressing of shutter release button/by exposure check button, or no AE Lock setting)
Multi exposure selection
A B C exposure order selection
Depth of field preview operation
Film rewinding mode selection
CAMERA BACK COVER: Opened by the camera back opening lever; Detachable, Data back and film check window are provided.
DATA BACK: Built in Quartz clock (auto calendar), Imprint Year/Month/ Day, Day/Hour/Minute, Month/Day/Year, Day/Month/Year, and No print.
POWER SOURCE: 1 6V Lithium Battery (2CR5), 1 3 V Lithium Battery (CR2025) for Data back.
BATTERY CHECK: Automatic checking system Display on the LCD panel.
OTHERS: Depth of field preview button.
DIMENSIONS: 151(W)x104.5(H)x59mm(D) (6×4-1/8×2-3/8in.)
WEIGHT: 810grams (28.57ozs) without battery.

US9.99: Hasselblad 203FE / 205 FCC / 205 TCC Service Manual

Here are the Instructions / Guides / Manual you may need on How to Repair / Restore / DIY / CLEAN, LUBRICATE, AND ADJUST Hasselblad 203FE / 205 FCC / 205 TCC Camera Bodies

Pictures uploaded are considered an important part of this description. Please examine carefully.


“Hasselblad 203FE / 205 FCC / 205 TCC Service Manual”

Language: English  

File TypePdf

Number of pages: 55 pages.

File Size: 1.28 mb.



The file(s) will be sent to your paypal registered email address within 3 working days (Usually I will do this within a few hours). Due to the high quality scan, some of the file sizes are very big, i.e., >10MB. We will email you a link of the file so that you can download anytime.

Any questions, please ask.

We accept paypal only.

US$9.99: Minolta XE / XG SLR Repair Manual Package

Here are Five (5) Instructions / Guides / Manual you may need on How to Repair / Restore / DIY / CLEAN, LUBRICATE, AND ADJUST   A series of Minolta SLRs, including

Minolta XE / XE-1 / XE-7 / XG-A / XG-1(n) / XG 2 / XG 7 / XG E

Pictures uploaded are considered an important part of this description. Please examine carefully.

“Minolta XE / XG SLR Repair Manual Package”


Language: English  

File TypePdf

Number of pages: TOTAL 457 pages.

File Size: 125 mb.



The file(s) will be sent to your paypal registered email address within 3 working days (Usually I will do this within a few hours). Due to the high quality scan, some of the file sizes are very big, i.e., >10MB. We will email you a link of the file so that you can download anytime.

Any questions, please ask.

We accept paypal only.


The Minolta XE is an electronic 35mm SLR camera introduced in 1974, just one year after the professional Minolta SLR X-1. It is called XE-7 in North America, and XE-1 in Europe. In many ways, this is a refined version of the X-1, but at the same time, the calibre is not quite in the professional league. It has a fixed finder and a slightly reduced shutter speed range. Despite quite similar body castings, the XE feels lighter and easier to handle, but with a solid feel. Gone are all the unusual controls. Instead, a few improvements are incorporated. Of notice is the rear on/off switch, and next to it, the frame counter with an integral film advance indicator, confirming proper film transport. A multiple exposure lever is added, coaxial with the wind on lever. For multiple exposures, it must be operated each time. The traditional hot-shoe is at the top of the finder, while the finder shutter is a continuation of the previous model.

The XE-1, a close relative
of the Leica R3. image by rst90274

The Minolta Camera Co. entered in 1972 an agreement with Ernst Leitz GmbH, to share patents, know-how and product development, possibly Kazuo Tashima’s crown achievement late in his life. He travelled Europe before founding in 1928 what later became the Minolta Camera Co., and the German camera industry had made a profound impression on him back then. The first camera to emerge from this joint venture was the Leica CL in 1973. Next came this camera, also assisted by the CopalCompany for the development of the vertical running metal blade shutter. The German Leica R3 version was introduced by Leitz in 1976, and produced in Portugal, after a short run at Wetzlar.

The exposure system is based on the well-proven CLC circuit, originally introduced on the SR-T 101, and refined by the X-1. The electronically controlled shutter has manually selectable speeds from 4 sec. to 1/1000 sec., and a backup mechanical 1/90 sec. and B. The shutter-speed dial locks in the A position, easily released by a tiny button reached when gripping the dial. The film speed is set on a dial surrounding the rewind knob. A small button just next to the black finder housing releases the ASA-dial. The value is set against an index dot to the right. To the left on the same dial is an exposure compensation scale of ±2 EV, which may easily be set depressing an almost invisible button on the dial edge.

An XE-1 with fas portrait Rokkor,
image by rokkor777

The viewfinder is quite bright and uncluttered with a centre split-image range finder. The layout is similar to the X-1, but the shutter speed scale to the right is brought closer to the image area and is much easier to read. The exposure-meter hand moves across the available speeds, brightly backlit by the SLR view extending beyond the image area. The lens aperture ring setting is visible just above the frame if sufficiently lit. Next to it is the actual shutter speed dial setting visible. Even more than twenty years after its introduction, this camera gives an impression of perfection, possibly only missing more automatic functions.

The camera operates on a 3V silver battery or two 1.5V SR44 batteries. A battery check lever with a red LED is on the left-hand side of the body. On the left-hand front is the lens release button, high at the left-hand side of the mirror housing. A PC sync. contact and an X/PF selector switch are also on the left-hand side. A lens diaphragm stop-down button is on right-hand side at the bottom of the mirror housing. Normal position is pushed in, for stop down it is pushed and let out. There is no mirror up facility. A traditional self-timer with trigger button is to the right of the mirror housing. On the base are the rewind release button, the tripod socket and the battery compartment.

The home market XE, and the XE-1 were available in either chrome or black finish, while the XE-7 came in black only. In 1976 the simplified XE-5 was made available, in Japan called the XEb.

US$9.99: Nikkormat EL / FTN SLR Repair Manual Package

Here are TWO (2) Instructions / Guides / Manual you may need on How to Repair / Restore / DIY / CLEAN, LUBRICATE, AND ADJUST   Nikon Nikkormat EL and FTN SLR Body

Pictures uploaded are considered an important part of this description. Please examine carefully.

“Nikkormat EL / FTN SLR Repair Manual Package”


Language: English  

File TypePdf

Number of pages: TOTAL 175 pages.

File Size: 21.1 mb.


Please kindly email me ( your email address after making the payment. The file(s) will be emailed to you within 3 working days (Usually I will do this within a few hours). Due to the high quality scan, some of the file sizes are very big, i.e., >10MB. We will email you a link of the file so that you can download anytime.

Any questions, please ask.

We accept paypal only.


Nikkormat (Nikomat in Japan) was the brand used by the Japanese optics company Nippon Kogaku K. K. (Nikon Corporation since 1988) from 1965 to 1978 to name two popular but otherwise unrelated series of interchangeable lens, 35 mm filmsingle-lens reflex (SLR) cameras.

The Nikkormat SLRs were moderately priced, advanced amateur level stablemates to Nippon Kogaku’s premium priced, professional level Nikon F and F2 SLRs. Just as the Nikkor and Nikon brand names had established Nippon Kogaku as a world class maker of lenses and high-end cameras, respectively, with professional photographers before it, Nikkormat made amateurs sit up and take notice


The Nikkormat FT was an all-metal, mechanically (springs, gears, levers) controlled, manual focus SLR with match-needle exposure control, manufactured in Japan from 1965 to 1967. It was available in two colors: black with chrome trim and all black. The unmetered version was designated “Nikkormat FS.”

The FT had dimensions of 95 mm height, 146 mm width, 54 mm depth and 745 g weight. This was larger and heavier than most competing amateur level SLRs of the mid-1960s, such as the Asahi (Honeywell in the USA) Pentax Spotmatic of 1964, but the quality of the internal components gave the FT an amazing strength and durability.

The FT used a metal-bladed, vertical travel, focal plane shutter with a speed range of 1 to 1/1000 second plus Bulb and flash X-sync of 1/125th second. The Nikkormat F-series had a shutter speed ring concentric with the lens mount, unlike Nippon Kogaku’s other manual focus SLRs with a top mounted shutter speed dial.

As a mechanical camera, the FT was completely operable without batteries. It only needed a battery for the light metering system. Setting a camera to expose the film properly without a light meter requires memorizing complex exposure tables and built-in, coupled meters sensing through-the-lens (TTL) were a fantastic boon when introduced by the Topcon Super D (in the USA; RE Super in the rest of the world) in 1963.

The FT’s exposure control system was a “center-the-needle” system using a galvanometer needle pointer moving vertically at the lower right side of the viewfinder to indicate the readings of the built-in, open aperture, TTL, full-scene averaging, cadmium sulfide (CdS) light meter versus the actual camera settings. The photographer would adjust the shutter speed to freeze or blur motion and/or the lens aperture f-stop to control depth of field (focus) until the needle was centered between two pincer-like brackets. The needle array was duplicated in a window next the top-mounted film rewind crank to allow exposure control without looking through the viewfinder. The meter was turned on by pulling the film wind lever out to the standby ready position and turned off by pushing it back flush against the camera.

This was very advanced in 1965 and proved to be remarkably long-lived. Nippon Kogaku used it for all versions of the Nikkormat FT with incremental improvements. The Nikon FMFM2 and FM2N of the succeeding Nikon compact F-series SLRs used an improved viewfinder only, center-the-LED system until 2001.

The FT’s viewfinder also had a fixed focusing screen with Nippon Kogaku’s then standard central 4 mm microprism focusing aid plus 12 mm matte focusing surface.

The Nikkormat FT accepted all lenses with the Nikon F bayonet mount (introduced in 1959 on the Nikon F camera) and a “meter coupling shoe” (or prong, informally called “rabbit ears”). The FT had a mirror lockup allowing its use with some specialised lenses for which an auxiliary viewfinder was provided.

The FT was Nippon Kogaku’s first SLR with a built-in TTL light meter. As such, Nippon Kogaku could not find a way to automatically synchronize their Nikkor Auto lenses’ aperture information with the FT body. Therefore, mounting lenses required a special preparatory procedure. First, the lens’ maximum aperture (smallest f-stop number) must set against the film speed scale on the FT’s shutter speed ring. Then, the “meter coupling pin” on the ring surrounding the FT’s lens mount flange must pushed all the way to the right and the lens’ aperture ring must be preset to f/5.6 to line up the “meter coupling shoe” with the pin for mounting. Note that the lens maximum aperture had to be reset every time the lens was changed. This was very inconvenient compared to some other SLRs of the 1960s.

Note that modern AF Nikkor autofocusing lenses (introduced 1986) do not have a meter coupling shoe. Although most AF Nikkor lenses will mount and manually focus on the FT, the combination cannot provide open aperture metering; only stop down metering. Nikon’s most recent 35 mm film SLR lenses, the AF Nikkor G type (2000) lacking an aperture control ring; and the AF Nikkor DX type (2003) with image circles sized for Nikon’s digital SLRs will mount, but will not function properly at all.

The FT also had two PC terminals to synchronize with flash units: an M-sync to all speeds for M and FP type (1/60 second for MF type) flashbulbs and an X-sync to 1/125th second for electronic flashes using guide number manual exposure control. However, the FT did not have a built-in accessory shoe to mount flash units. The “Nikkormat accessory shoe” must be screwed to the top of the pentaprism cover via the eyepiece first. Note that this shoe only mounts the flash. A PC cord must still be plugged into the appropriate PC terminal. This was normal for most SLRs of the 1960s.


Nikkormat FTn

Nikomat IMG 5356.JPG

The Nikkormat FTn was manufactured from 1967 to 1975. It simplified the lens mounting procedure of the rabbit ear Nikkor lenses. The meter coupling pin on the camera still had to be aligned with the meter coupling shoe on the lens, but the lens maximum aperture no longer had to be manually preset on the FTn.

Instead, the lens aperture ring had to be turned back and forth to the smallest aperture (largest f-stop number) and then to the largest (smallest number) immediately after mounting to ensure that the lens and the FTn couple properly (Nippon Kogaku called it indexing the maximum aperture of the lens) and meter correctly. This system seems unwieldy to today’s photographers, but it was better than before, and became second nature to Nikon and Nikkormat camera using photographers of the 1960s and 1970s.

In addition, the FTn improved the metering system to the now classic Nikon 60/40 percent centerweighted style. The viewfinder also added +/– over/underexposure metering markers and set shutter speed information.

The FTn also offered a choice (made at purchase time or by replacement at factory service centers) of brighter fixed viewfinder focusing screens: Nippon Kogaku’s standard Type J with central 4 mm microprism focusing aid plus 12 mm etched circle indicating the area of the meter centerweighting or the Type A with central 3 mm split image rangefinder plus 12 mm etched circle.


Nikkormat FT2

The Nikkormat FT2, manufactured from 1975 to 1977, added a permanently affixed hot shoe to the top of the pentaprism cover, combined the two PC terminals into one and switched the light meter battery to a non-toxic silver cell, one 1.5 V S76 or SR44. ASA adjustment also featured a lock and an easier slider than previous models. The advance lever was more contoured with an added plastic grip. The FT2’s viewfinder also switched to Nippon Kogaku’s new standard Type K focusing screen with 3 mm split image rangefinder and 1 mm microprism collar focusing aids plus 12 mm etched circle indicating the area of the meter centerweighting. A final small touch was the addition of “+” and “-” symbols on the display of the top meter read-out. The numerous little improvements on the FT2 directly reflected customer suggestions for the FTn.

Nikkormat FT3

The Nikkormat FT3, manufactured for only several months in 1977 (but still available new from dealer stock in 1978), had the shortest production run of any Nippon Kogaku SLR. The FT3 was essentially identical to the FT2 except that it supported Nikkor lenses with the Automatic Indexing (AI) feature (introduced 1977). AI Nikkor lenses had an external “meter coupling ridge” cam on the lens aperture ring that pushed on an external “meter coupling lever” on a ring surrounding the FT3’s lens mount flange to transfer lens set aperture information.

Note that most AF Nikkor autofocusing lenses are also AI types. They will mount and meter properly under manual focus on the FT3. However, Nikon’s most recent SLR lenses, the AF Nikkor G and AF Nikkor DX types, are not AI types. They will mount, but will not function properly.

The FT3 was little more than a stopgap placeholder, awaiting the release of the first of the completely redesigned Nikon compact F-series SLRs, the all new Nikon FM, with a more compact chassis, in late 1977.

The metering system was considered one of the best on the market at the time. The Nikkormat FT3 remained a very popular camera with professionals and amateurs alike, see an enthusiastic review on Nikonians:


Nikkormat EL

The Nikkormat EL was an all-metal, electromechanically (some solid-state electronics, but mostly springs, gears and levers) controlled, manual focus SLR with manual exposure control or aperture priority autoexposure, manufactured in Japan from 1972 to 1976. It was available in two colors: black with chrome trim and all black.

The EL had dimensions of 93.5 mm height, 145 mm width, 54.5 mm depth and 780 g weight. This was very large and heavy compared to many other SLRs of the mid-1970s.

As Nippon Kogaku’s first electronic autoexposure camera, the EL required a battery (one 6 V PX-28 or 4SR44 in the bottom of the mirror box) to power its electronically controlled metal-bladed, vertical travel, focal plane shutter to a speed range of 4 to 1/1000 second plus Bulb and flash X-sync of 1/125th second.

Nikkormat EL Match-needle Display

The battery also powered the EL’s “match-needle” exposure control system. This consisted of two needles pointing along a vertical shutter speed scale on the left side of the viewfinder. In manual mode, a black needle pointed out the shutter speed recommended by the built-in 60/40 percent centerweighted, cadmium sulfide (CdS) light meter, while a translucent green needle showed the actual camera set shutter speed. The photographer would adjust the shutter speed and/or the lens aperture f-stop until the needles aligned.

In automatic mode, the EL’s black needle indicated the shutter speed automatically set by the electronic circuitry in response to the light reaching the meter. The green needle just indicated that the EL was in “A” mode.

Manually setting a camera to expose the film properly takes two steps, even after taking a light meter reading. Autoexposure systems that reduced it to one step were a fantastic boon when successfully introduced by the Konica AutoReflex (Autorex in Japan) in 1965. This system was very advanced in 1972 and also proved to be remarkably long-lived. Nippon Kogaku/Nikon used it, with incremental improvements, not only in the Nikkormat EL-series but also in the Nikon FEFE2 and FM3A of the succeeding Nikon compact F-series SLRs until 2006.

As with other first generation electronic autoexposure SLRs, the EL had a reputation for rapidly draining batteries; later Nikons had much more energy efficient electronics. Note that the EL will still function without batteries in a very limited fashion: completely manual mechanical control with one shutter speed (an unmarked 1/90 second) and without the light meter.

Like the contemporary Nikkormat FTN (see above), the EL mounted all rabbit ear Nikkor lenses with a double twist of the lens aperture ring and its viewfinder had a choice of Type J or Type A fixed focusing screens.

Nikkormat ELW

The Nikkormat ELW, manufactured from 1976 to 1977, was an EL modified to accept the Nikon AW-1 autowinder, providing motorized film advance up to 2 frames per second. The ELW also expanded the shutter speed range to 8 full seconds and its viewfinder switched to the new standard Type K focusing screen (see the Nikkormat FT2 above).

Nikon EL2

The Nikon EL2 was manufactured from 1977 to 1978. The EL2 was essentially identical to the ELW except that it used instant response silicon photodiode light meter sensors and supported Nikkor lenses with the new Automatic Indexing (AI) feature (see the Nikkormat FT3 above).

In a much more important change, the EL2 abandoned the Nikkormat name, which placed the cameras at a disadvantage compared to the much better known ‘Nikon’ nameplate. The camera was replaced after a year of production by the Nikon FE


In 1959, Nippon Kogaku released its first 35 mm SLR, the professional level Nikon F. The F combined every SLR technological advance available in 1959 (automatic diaphragm lenses, instant return mirror and eyelevel pentaprism viewfinder) into one superbly integrated package with bulletproof mechanical durability and reliability, plus topnotch optical quality. It also offered the most complete system of accessories in the world, including interchangeable viewfinder heads, viewfinder screens, motor drives, flashbulb units, bulk film backs and eventually over fifty world class Nikkor lenses. The F quickly became the preferred 35 mm camera among professional photographers (especially photojournalists) and amateurs of the 1960s.

However, the professional SLR market was (and is) a small market with very expensive offerings. The Nikon F with Nikkor 50 mm f/2 lens had a list price of US$359.50 in 1959 when a good new car could be had for US$2500. Many amateur photographers desired to buy the F, but simply could not afford it.

Nippon Kogaku’s first attempt to produce a moderately priced, amateur oriented SLR, the Nikkorex series of 1960 to 1965, was a failure. Actually manufactured by Mamiya Camera Co. with one model shared with Riken Optical Co. (today, Ricoh), the Nikkorexes were clunky beasts, larger than the Nikon F despite having far fewer features. Undistinguished fit, finish and feel, and mediocre reliability (due primarily to an outsourced shutter design) did not help. Few people were impressed. Nippon Kogaku went back to the drawing board.

Nippon Kogaku’s second attempt was designed and manufactured completely in-house. Compared to the Nikon F, the Nikkormat FT had a fixed pentaprism viewfinder and did not accept a motor drive. However, with very sturdy construction plus access to the Nikkor lens line, Nippon Kogaku finally achieved its desired success with amateurs.

The Nikkormat FTn was a particular bestseller and had an enviable reputation for toughness and reliability. It is now regarded as one of the finest SLRs of its generation, rivaled only by the Canon FTb of 1971.

The 1970s presented Nippon Kogaku with a different challenge. With the 35 mm SLR optical and mechanical format perfected, the industry turned to advancements in electronic convenience features. It had already begun during the 1960s with built-in light meters, but accelerated dramatically in the 1970s.

First came the electronically controlled focal plane shutter. A major expense of the Nikkormat F-series was its high quality mechanical shutter. Just as a cheap mechanical watch keeps mediocre time, so does a cheap mechanical shutter. Unreliable or fragile shutters were a major source of exposure errors or mechanical failures in low end mechanical shutter SLRs.

Then came electronic autoexposure. Built-in light meters and electronic shutters combined with microelectronics to make exposure control simpler and faster. It was hoped that this would expand the amateur SLR market by enticing photographers normally intimidated by the need to learn all the gritty details of operating a manual SLR to step up from compact automatic leaf-shutter rangefinder (RF) cameras.

Like other first generation autoexposure SLRs, the Nikkormat EL was a conservative evolutionary design, and as such, has proven very reliable.


Other Resources:

US$9.99: Minolta SRT 101 Repair Manual

Here is ONE Instructions / Guides / Manual you may need on How to Repair / Restore / DIY / Clean, Lubricate, and Adjust  Minolta SRT 101.

Pictures uploaded are considered an important part of this description. Please examine carefully.


“Minolta SRT 101 Repair Manual”

Language: English

File TypePdf

Number of pages96 pages.

File Size: 9.76 mb.


The file(s) will be sent to your paypal registered email address within 3 working days (Usually I will do this within a few hours). Due to the high quality scan, some of the file sizes are very big, i.e., >10MB. We will email you a link of the file so that you can download anytime.

Any questions, please ask.

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The Minolta range of 35mm SLR cameras was introduced in 1958 by Chiyoda Kogaku launching the Minolta SR-2, the first Japanese manufacturer to get their 35mm SLR camera design right from the start. Kazuo Tashima (1899–1985) established the company in 1928 to produce cameras, but soon it expanded into optical manufacturing, eventually becoming one of very few camera companies manufacturing lenses using blanks from their own glass works, culminating by producing lenses for Ernst Leitz, Wetzlar.

The Minolta SR-T 101 is a 35mm manual focus SLR camera with Through-The-Lens exposure metering – TTL for short, that was launched in 1966 by Minolta Camera Co. Staying in production for ten years with only minor changes, proves the thorough effort being put into the development of the camera before the introduction. The design is based on the innovative Minolta SR-7 model V camera of 1962, but the principal design is inherited from the original 1958 Minolta SR-2. The SR-T 101 however, has several significant features apart from the TTL meter. The most significant one is perhaps the full aperture metering facility, automatically compensating for the at any time fitted lens’ maximum aperture,[2] a feature it took twelve more years for Nikon to figure out how to accomplish. Full aperture TTL metering was commercially first realised in the brilliant Tokyo Kogaku Topcon RE-Super, a feature first realised in a screw mount camera by the introduction of the Olympus Kogaku Olympus FTL, their first full frame 35mm SLR in 1971, but which was abandoned one year later in favour of the remarkable OM system.

The SR-T 101 has an extremely bright finder with a central micro prism focusing aid that in most cases proves to be very convenient, requiring no apparent lines in the motive, since all out of focus objects appear to shimmer. All relevant exposure information is visible in the finder, including a battery check index mark showing the required meter needle deflection for a healthy battery when the ON/OFF meter switch on the camera base is set to BC.[3]

The SR-T 101 was also made available in black. The top cover and the base plate are finished in black enamel while most metal parts are black chromed, but the wind lever is black anodised. The parts still chromed, to name the most obvious ones, include the shutter-release button, the mirror lock-up knob, the depth-of-field preview button and the lens-release button.


Several changes were made to the SR-T 101 during the long production period, both functional improvements and rationalisation of production. Some are easily detected while others are inside the body and not apparent without dismantling, these latter ones are not covered here. New features may have been retrofitted to older cameras due to repair or just being swapped between cameras, including the original lens. Camera body serial numbers has been observed from about 1.000.000, while the 58mm standard lens has been observed from about 5.000.000.

The original camera has a black shutter speed dial with a finely milled pattern at the edge, and the two black plastic covers either side at top of the mirror housing are glued in place. All visible screw heads are single slotted. At the back, either side of the viewfinder window two screws hold the top cover, which are situated at equal distance from viewfinder window either side. The take-up film spool is plain black with one slot. The accessory shoe has a small metal stud stop pin. The standard lens has an intermittent milled focusing ring without scalloping recesses. The lens cap is black anodised stamped aluminium with “Minolta” in brushed metal finish.

The original model soon was changed, possibly after just some 50.000 cameras had been made; the right-hand screw at the back was moved farther away and the two black plastic covers either side at top of the mirror housing became fixed using blackened screws with brass bushings attached inside.

Later on, as body serial numbers approached the two million mark, more easily detectable changes were introduced; the shutter speed dial on chrome cameras became chrome finished with coarse patterned sides. All screws are of the crosshead variety. The take-up film spool got a grey four-tongued plastic moulding for film attachment. The lens got a scalloped focusing ring.

The late cameras, made the last few years, have a modified accessory-shoe with a black plastic ridge stop in front. The standard lens would be of the 50mm focal length.